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Vaikrutapaha Which means, Varieties, Scientific Significance

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By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Vaikrutapaha is the seventh and last type of therapy included within the ‘Sapta Upakrama’ i.e. 7 varieties of remedies defined by Grasp Sushruta. Together with the opposite six types of therapy it goals at therapeutic and treating the ulcers, wounds and swelling and to stop its issues. These procedures are carried out after Shodhana and Ropana. If the situation of the wound / ulcer or swelling accessible to the doctor on the time of treating the affected person is match to bear considered one of these therapies instantly, they shall be skillfully chosen.
Learn – Sushruta’s 7 Sorts of Remedies Sapta Upakrama

Vaikrutapaha

“Lastly (following the chronology) Vaikrutapaha (seventh therapy amongst the seven remedies) needs to be carried out…!”
Vaikritapaha means eradicating the deformities or undesired modifications which have occurred as issues or sequels of wounds. So after having carried out cleaning and therapeutic strategies or in actual fact the sooner 6 sorts of remedies of sapta upakrama, vaikretapaha is finished to deal with or take away the residual deformities or sequels of ulcers or wounds that are left over.

Sanskrit Verses

Learn – Charaka Vrana Chikitsa – twenty fifth Chapter – Wounds, Ulcers

Varieties

Primarily 26 remedies are included underneath Vaikrutapaha from amongst the 60 remedies talked about in Shashti Upakrama. They’re –

Sl No Title of the Upakrama (therapy) Which means
1 Utsaadana Elevation of wounds
2 Avasaadana Despair of wounds 
3 Mrudu Karma Softening the sides of the injuries
4 Daaruna Karma Hardening the margins of the injuries
5 Kshara Karma Software of alkalis / alkali cauterization
6 Agni Karma Software of fireplace / hearth cauterization
7 Krshna Karma Inducing black coloration
8 Pandu Karma Inducing white coloration
9 Pratisaarana Rubbing tablets made up of tough medicinal powder on the ulcer
10 Roma Sanjanana Remedies and medicines (measures) enabling progress of hairs
11 Loma Apaharana Remedies and medicines (measures) enabling elimination of pointless hairs
12 Vasti Karma Medicinal Enemas
13 Uttara Vasti Karma Enemas given by way of urinary and genital passages
14 Bandha Bandages
15 Patra Daana Protecting the injuries with leaves
16 Krimighna Disinfectants
17 Brmhana Bulk selling and strengthening remedies
18 Vishagna Anti-toxins
19 Shiro virechana Nasal instillation of medicines / head cleaning
20 Nasya Nasal instillation of remedy / Errhines
21 Kavala dharana Rinsing of mouth with medicinal liquids
22 Dhooma Fumigation
23 Madhu sarpi Administration of honey and ghee
24 Yantra Instrumentation
25 Aahara Dietetic routine
26 Rakshaa vidhana Sterilization

1. Utsaadana – elevation of ulcer

This contains the therapy of wounds / ulcers in order to enhance the granulation tissue and likewise to lift the ground of the wound. That is carried out when wound space is depressed. Utsadana is reverse of Avasadana (melancholy of wounds – defined under).

Circumstances by which wounds should be elevated –       

  • Parishushka – dried ulcers and wounds
  • Alpa mamsanam – ulcers coated with much less muscle mass (most muscle mass have been destroyed)
  • Gambhiranam – deep seated ulcers

In these circumstances the ghee and anointments ready with the herbs used for elevating the injuries are administered. The sufferers are fed with the meat of carnivorous animals. By the consumption of such meat the thoughts of the particular person will get devoid of undesirable feelings like anger, grief and many others. This may additional facilitate and hasten the expansion of the muscle mass and elevation of the depressed ulcers.
Learn – Meals That Improve Sattva, Rajas, Tamas: Srimad Bhagavat Geeta

2. Avasadana – melancholy of ulcers

This contains the measure used for the elimination of unhealthy, pointless, hyper-granulation tissue from flooring of the wound in order to trigger their melancholy and make the floor of the ulcer even. That is administered in circumstances the place the ulcers / wounds are elevated above the floor of the pores and skin. Avasadana is reverse of Utsadana (defined above).

Circumstances by which wounds should be depressed –   
Utsanna mrdu mamsa – ulcers surrounded by elevated and easy muscle mass needs to be depressed with medicines used for miserable the ulcers blended with honey.

3. Mrdu Karma – softening the sides of the ulcers

Circumstances by which the sides of the ulcers should be softened –

  • Kathinanam – laborious ulcers
  • Amamsanam – ulcers having much less or no muscle mass round (losing or destruction of muscle mass)
  • Dushtanam matarishvanaa – ulcers that are contaminated by vitiated vata

In ulcers related to the above talked about circumstances, remedies and medicines for softening the sides of the ulcers needs to be administered.

Together with this the under talked about interventions too shall be included –

4. Daruna Karma – hardening the sides of the ulcers

Some ulcers / wounds have much less tensile power in order that the wound margin simply separate. This causes early dehiscence and wound therapeutic delayed. To keep away from very long time wound therapeutic, daaruna karma i.e. hardening the wound margins is finished.

Circumstances by which the sides of the ulcers should be hardened –

  • Mrudutvam ashu roham cha gaadho bandhah karoti hello – when the ulcers turn into easy and heal rapidly owing to them being bandaged frequently
  • Mrdu mamseshu vraneshu – ulcers having gentle muscle mass

Equal parts of the graceful powder of the under talked about components needs to be sprinkled on these ulcers to make them laborious –

  • Dhava – Anogeissus latifolia
  • Priyangu – Callicarpa macrophylla
  • Ashoka – Saraca asoca
  • Rohini twak – bark of Picrorhiza kurroa
  • Triphala – fruits of Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica and Emblica officinalis
  • Dhataki Pushpa – flowers of Woodfordia fruticosa
  • Lodhra – Symplocos racemosa
  • Sarjarasa – Vateria indica

5. Kshara Karma – utility of alkalis / alkali cauterization

Circumstances by which alkali must be utilized in treating the ulcers –

  • Utsanna mamsan – ulcers with elevated muscle mass of their neighborhood
  • Kathinan – laborious ulcers
  • Kandu yuktan – ulcers related to itching
  • Chirotthitan – ulcers that are persisting for a very long time (persistent ulcers / wounds)
  • Dusadhyan – ulcers that are tough to cleanse and deal with

6. Agni Karma – hearth cauterization

Circumstances by which hearth cauterization utilized to deal with ulcers –

  • Sravato mutran – ulcers discharging urine
  • Ashma bhavan – ulcers attributable to stones within the urinary tract (alternatively we will perceive combining each these factors as – ulcers shaped by stones within the urinary tract which results in discharge / dribbling of urine)
  • Raktavahinah – bleeding ulcers
  • Nishesha chinna sandheen cha – ulcers that are related to fully destroyed (crushed) joints
    Learn – Sushruta’s 8 Varieties Of Surgical Procedures – Astavidha Shastra Karma

7. Krishna Karma – inducing black coloration

This therapy is performed to make the hypo-pigmentation areas attributable to ulcers regular like surrounding tissue.

Circumstances –
Durudhatvat tu shuklaanaam – Black coloration shall be induced within the ulcers which have turn into white on account of improper therapeutic.

Methodology of inducing black coloration within the ulcers

Bhallataka (Semecarpus anacardium) which has been stored within the cow urine for seven days is then stored dipped within the milk for seven days.
Bhallataka is then lower into two items and positioned in an iron vessel. The orifice of this vessel is stored over the opening of one other vessel of comparable measurement. The junction of each these vessels is sealed and all the equipment is stored within the pit. On the highest of this dry items / muffins of cow-dung are positioned and lit with hearth. As a result of warmth, Bhallataka melts and its oil is gathered within the decrease pot.

To this oil, positive powder of the hoofs of animals residing within the villages and marshy areas are added and blended completely. The resultant combination is utilized on the ulcers which have turn into white.

8. Pandu Karma – inducing white coloration

This therapy is performed to make the hyper-pigmented areas attributable to ulcers regular like surrounding tissue.

Circumstances –
Durudhatvat tu krshnanam – White coloration (regular pores and skin coloration) shall be induced within the ulcers which have turn into black on account of improper therapeutic.

Methodology of inducing regular coloration within the ulcers

1. The fruit of Rohini – sort of Terminalia chebula is stored in goat’s milk for 7 days and floor with the identical milk to arrange its paste. This paste is utilized on the hyper-pigmented ulcers which should be delivered to regular coloration.

2. The under talked about components needs to be blended with honey and utilized on the ulcer –

  • Kapalika Churna – powder of plate of earthen pot
  • Baidula – a part of a reed known as vidula / bamboo?
  • Sarjarasa – Vateria indica
  • Kasisa – inexperienced vitriol
  • Madhuka – Glycyrrhiza glabra

3. The pulp from inside Kapittaha fruit (Feronia linonia) is eliminated. The hole of the fruit is stuffed with goat urine. Later the powder of the under talked about are added –

  • Kasisa – inexperienced vitriol
  • Gorochana – bezoar
  • Tuttha – purified copper sulfate
  • Haratala – orpiment
  • Manashila – realgar
  • Venu nirlekhanam – bamboo bark
  • Chakramarda bija – seeds of Cassia tora
  • Rasanjana – extract of Berberis aristata

This fruit is buried within the floor, beneath the foundation of Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) tree for one month and left in place. The resultant medication needs to be utilized on the ulcer for multiple month time interval.

9. Pratisaarana

On this, the tablets ready from tough powder of medicinal herbs are rubbed on the shiny pores and skin after wound therapeutic has occurred. That is carried out to make the pores and skin floor tough and identical to the conventional texture of the pores and skin.

The powders of the under talked about components taken in equal amount are blended and floor with cow urine and tablets are ready –

  • Kukkutanda kapalani – items of outer shell of egg
  • Kataka – Strychnos potatorum
  • Madhuka – Glycyrrhiza glabra
  • Samudra Manduki / Mukta Shukti – Oyster shell
  • Mani – alum, pearl and many others

This pill is rubbed on the ulcers.

10. Roma Sanjanana – enabling progress of hairs

a. The tusks of elephant are burnt and their ash ready. To this good high quality Rasanjana – extract of Berberis aristata is added and blended with goat milk. When utilized this medication even produces hairs on the fingers (palm).

b. Pores and skin, hairs, hoof, horns and bones of animals are burnt to ash and blended with oil. When that is utilized it produces hairs.

c. Kasisa – inexperienced vitriol and leaves of Karanja – Pongamia pinnata are floor within the juice of Kapittha would produce hairs when utilized.

11. Loma Apaharana – elimination of pointless hairs

Circumstances –
When plenty of pointless hairs develop within the web site of ulcer they arrive into the best way of ulcer therapeutic. These hairs needs to be lower and trimmed utilizing scalpel and forceps and completely eliminated.

  1. Powder of conch shell and Haratala – orpiment taken in equal proportions are floor with bitter fruit juices and utilized. This may assist in elimination of undesirable hairs.
  2. Oil of Bhallataka and latex of Snuhi (Euphorbia neriifolia) are blended collectively and utilized to take away undesirable hairs.
  3. Ash of kadali – plantain and stem bark of Aralu – Ailanthus excelsa are blended with Haratala – orpiment, Rock salt and seeds of shami and floor with chilly water. That is utilized to take away undesirable hairs.

12. Vasti Karma – natural enemas

Circumstances whereby natural enemas shall be administered in treating ulcers –

13. Uttara Vasti Karma – urinary and genital enema

Circumstances by which enemas needs to be administered by way of urinary and genital tracts –

  • Mutraghata – obstruction of urine
  • Mutra dosha – contamination of urine
  • Shukra dosha – contamination of semen
  • Ashmari janya vrana – ulcers attributable to urinary calculi
  • Artava dosha – contamination of menstrual blood
    Learn – Uttara Basti: Methodology, Indications, Mode of Motion

14. Bandha – bandages

Advantages of bandaging the ulcers / wounds –

  • Shudhyati vrano – wounds get cleansed
  • Yati cha mardavam – ulcers / wounds turn into easy
  • Rohatyapi – the therapeutic would happen comprehensively

15. Patradaana – protecting the injuries with leaves

Circumstances by which the ulcers should be coated with leaves –

  • Sthiranam – motionless ulcers / wounds
  • Alpa mamsanam – ulcers / wounds coated with much less / scanty muscle mass
  • Raukshyaad anuparohataam – wounds / ulcers which haven’t healed on account of excessive dryness in them

Within the above stated circumstances the leaves are used to cowl the ulcers / wounds in accordance to the doshas concerned and the seasons. Leaves having medicinal properties is roofed on the injuries after having utilized medicinal pastes on them.

16. Krimighna – disinfectants

When the flies and different bugs sitting on open ulcers / wounds produce worms / germs they might chew the ulcers resulting in swelling (irritation) which is severely troublesome. Consequently extreme and completely different sorts of pains and bleeding happen from the injuries. On this situation Surasadi Gana group of herbs are used washing the ulcers and therapeutic them.

The under talked about herbs shall be floor in cow’s urine and utilized over the ulcers –

Alternatively the injuries shall be washed with alkali water or the ulcers are showered with the identical. The ulcers / wounds are coated with muscle mass / flesh which might entice the worms from contained in the ulcers. This can be a methodology of de-worming the ulcers and wounds.

17. Brmhana – bulk selling remedies

Circumstances for administering bulk selling / strengthening remedies for ulcer / wound therapeutic –

  • Dirgha kala aturanam – ulcers persisting for very long time (persistent ulcers) or for an individual affected by illnesses for very long time
  • Krshanam – emaciated individuals
  • Vrana shoshinaam – those that are debilitated as a result of ulcers

Within the above stated circumstances every kind of bulk selling / strengthening remedies shall be administered defending one’s digestive hearth (capability).
Learn – Brumhana Remedy – Nourishing Ayurvedic Therapy Precept

18. Vishaghna – anti-toxins

This contains remedies which nullify or neutralize the impact of poisons and toxins on ulcers / wounds.

The signs triggered after consuming toxic meals and drinks, examination of assorted varieties of toxins / poisons and their therapy are defined intimately within the Kalpa Sthana Part of Sushruta Samhita and therefore not detailed on this context.

19. Shirovirechana – nasal instillation of medicines

Circumstances –

20. Nasya – nasal instillation of medicines / errhines

Circumstances for administering errhines in ulcers / wounds –

  • Rujavanto – ulcers related to ache
  • Anilaveshta – ulcers troubled by vitiated vata
  • Ruksha – dry ulcers
  • Urdhwa jatruga vrana – ulcers situated above the extent of clavicle

In these circumstances unctuous errhines needs to be administered.

21. Kavala Dharana – rinsing of mouth with medicinal liquids

Circumstances for administering mouth rinse in ulcers / wounds –

Cold and warm (as per situation) medicinal liquids needs to be used for mouth rinsing for the under talked about functions –

  • Dosha prachyavanartham – to expel the morbid doshas
  • Ruja daha kshayaya cha – scale back the ache and burning sensation related to ulcers
  • Jihva danta samutthasya haranaartham malasya cha – take away the wastes from the tongue and tooth and to cleanse them
  • Shodhana ropanascha eva vranasya mukhajasya vai – for cleaning and therapeutic the ulcers occurring within the oral cavity
    Learn – How To Do Oil Pulling In Real Ayurvedic Method?

22. Dhuma – fumigation

Circumstances by which fumigation needs to be carried out to deal with the injuries / ulcers –

  • Urdhwa jatru gatan – illnesses occurring above the extent of clavicles
  • Kaphavata janya vranan – ulcers / wounds attributable to vitiated kapha and vata
  • Shopha srava ruja yuktan – ulcers / wounds related to swelling (irritation), discharges and ache
    Learn – Dhoopana (Fumigation) Blends, Advantages, Process, Mode of Motion

23. Madhu Sarpi – use of honey and ghee

Circumstances –

  • Kshatoshmano nigrahartham – to regulate the warmth generated by the damage / trauma
  • Sandhanartham – for unification
  • Sadhyo vraneshu ayatesu – in freshly shaped wounds / ulcers and in giant ulcers

24. Yantra – instrumentation

Circumstances whereby devices are utilized in treating ulcers –

25. Ahara – dietetic routine

A sensible doctor ought to recommendation lesser amount of meals that are mild for digestion to all of the sufferers affected by ulcers / wounds.

Learn – Significance Of Food regimen (Pathya) For Particular Ailments

26. Raksha Vidhana – Sterilization

This contains sterilization of the surgical wards and devices by way of the strategies of fumigation with herbs like Guggulu (Commiphora mukul) and many others and by Mantra Uccharana i.e. reciting holy hymns in order to kill the small pathogenic organisms. For a similar functions yama and niyama are additionally adopted.

Abstract

Above talked about are the 26 therapy procedures that are meant for eradicating the deformities and undesired modifications which have occurred as issues of wounds. They shall be used skillfully both individually or in combos as and when required relying on the state and stage of ulcer / wound introduced on the time of therapy.
Click on to Seek the advice of Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu)

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